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I'm amazed at how superior your vanilla is!
- Des, The Grommet
I opened the bottle of your vanilla extract last weekend to bake some cookies and the difference in taste is extraordinary." – Judy

Why is vanilla so expensive?

Have you noticed that the cost of cookies, cakes and ice creams have gone up? Most  desserts use vanilla, and vanilla prices have skyrocketed since 2014. Could that be it? And why is vanilla getting so expensive? The answer may surprise you. Read on.

As vanilla prices rise, so do baked goods. Picture credit:

As vanilla prices rise, so do baked goods.  Or do they? Picture credit: The Experimental Gastronomy

Like everything else, the cost of vanilla is affected by supply and demand, and today the vanilla supply is down – WAY DOWN. The reasons will surprise you!

Tropical farmers who grow coffee, cacao, vanilla, sugar and a few other crops, constantly face fluctuating prices for their crops due to supply and demand. And because vanilla is by far the smallest of the tropical luxury crops, the vanilla industry faces dramatic fluctuations.

Since 2005 there has been an overabundance of vanilla. As a result, the price for both green and cured, dried Vanilla Farmer & Son in Madagascarvanilla dropped to very low levels.   Because farmers weren’t making enough to survive, many  finally burned their vanilla vines and switched to growing other crops. This in turn led to a vanilla shortage, and with the shortage of vanilla beans, prices shot through the roof!

During periods like this a “feeding frenzy” occurs as rumors abound, and the middlemen in vanilla-producing countries  take advantage of this opportunity to put more money in their pockets.

Middlemen force vanilla prices up

You’d think that when you see the cost of vanilla go up that the farmer would benefit, but that is not necessarily the case. To increase their margins, middlemen and those who invest in vanilla beans in vanilla producing countries, hold the beans off the market to force prices up.  The lowest level of middlemen are those who drive trucks into the bush to collect the beans and who start the vanilla curing and drying process. They don’t make a big profit so when there is a shortage they benefit for a change. It’s the bigger middlemen and speculators who make the lion’s share of the money. Unfortunately, as is the case in this current crisis, speculators who laundered money gained from selling illegally harvested rosewood, bought up the 2015 Madagascar crop, which was small, and later sold it at very high prices to manufacturers and traders who were desperate for beans.

The companies in industrialized countries  that depend on vanilla beans or extract either to sell or to use in manufacturing, will pay whatever they must to keep their businesses going.  The farmers may or may not benefit much from the higher prices. However, if they have continued to grow vanilla, they can finally earn a living wage or even a major windfall as the trickle-down of funds helps them.

How serious is the vanilla shortage?

Madagascar, the world’s largest producer of vanilla, is currently experiencing high tension and chaos, enough so that there are travel advisories to not visit certain areas of the country. The current hording and selling bad vanilla makes the country quite volatile. While the Malagasy people are known for kindness and the country was considered safe most of the time, things have changed in the last five or so years and it is important to check with government posts before visiting.

The green vanilla beans, known as vrac, will come in to the processing houses, from the countryside beginning in May of 2017, which causes huge tension around prices.  While there is a good crop in Madagascar this year — somewhere in the range 2000 – 2300 metric tons — beans are being picked green as farmers and middlemen want to make as much money as possible off the crisis. This means the quality will be very poor.

In Papua New Guinea, a fairly new but significant producer of beans and ground vanilla bean powder, the normal crop is 350 metric tons or more. Because of the low prices for so many years, the farmers stopped growing vanilla but they’re back in the game and were producing excellent vanilla. We’re not sure what to expect with the new crop, however, as they are harvesting green beans as well to keep up with the demand and to make more cash while they can.

Mexico, which once provided the majority of the vanilla to the US, now only produces 30 – 35 metric tons of unprocessed vanilla a year at the most!  This vanilla is already promised a year in advance.

Farmers in other vanilla-producing countries who stopped growing vanilla have planted it again. By the time their vanilla beans are ready for market, the crisis may or may not be raging. At some point, however, there will be a glut and the prices will once again collapse.

Adding to the ongoing problems in the vanilla industry, many of the corporations who produce frozen desserts and dairy products, will switch to “other natural flavors,” (which actually means synthetic or imitation vanilla created from plant sources or from highly engineered yeast and DNA produced on a 3D printer), rather than pay the higher prices. When the prices drop, many will not switch back to using pure vanilla, further undercutting the industry.

There is more stability when a floor price is set for vanilla as it used to be in Madagascar. However, vanilla was deregulated in the early 1990s and we have seen swings such as the current one since then. It appears that the prices will be elevated at least through much of 2017, but there is no way to know this for sure or when prices will drop.

And what does this mean for bakers, bakeries, and lovers of sweet confections?

While the price increases will hit everyone’s pocketbooks, the cost of vanilla all by itself won’t actually drive up the cost of baking and the treats we love by a large margin. We will likely see an uptick in cost or, depending on the company, a switch to a cheaper brand of vanilla or even imitation. Artisan bakers and cooks would prefer to use the best because they know that cheaper quality ingredients means lower quality of the finished product. Unfortunately, given the current situation, quality is likely to drop.

tsaramaro son w vanilla

Under normal circumstances we do our best to buy vanilla beans in bulk at fairly traded prices. This is true as well with our extracts (but also because we use 20% more vanilla bean extractives than required by law). However, during a crisis such as this one, all farmers are making more money and sourcing good vanilla beans is extremely difficult. As we cannot afford to purchase in large volume when prices exceed $500 a kilo, we purchase whatever is available. With the price increases, the farmers who have continued to grow vanilla – despite the low prices – will earn more. We at The Vanilla Company fully support this – even though our margin-of-profit drops. However, we do not support the cutting of green vanilla as traders, manufacturers and consumers lose because quality drops despite the high cost.

While higher prices can be a significant challenge for specialty food producers and for those of us who use vanilla in home baking and cooking, it’s important to keep in mind that as home bakers, you don’t use vanilla in cups, but in teaspoons and tablespoons. You don’t need to buy a lot! This is not the case for artisan producers of health products, bakery goods and chocolate, so high prices are a big challenge and products using vanilla become more expensive.

And, while it may stretch our budgets, higher prices mean that the families on farms who are currently producing vanilla will have more to eat or new shoes or the children can attend school and get medical care.

The downside, of course, is that high prices mean greater danger for the growers and small middlemen. They stand the risk of being robbed or even murdered for their money as the prices are so high that vanilla becomes as dangerous as selling illicit drugs.

Because vanilla is not traded on the International Commodities Market (coffee and chocolate are traded in millions of containers annually as opposed to less than 3000 tonnes), it doesn’t have the same protections as coffee and chocolate farmers have. When there is a glut of coffee or chocolate, farmers are guaranteed a base price. This doesn’t exist for vanilla growers.

Help us save pure vanilla

During this very challenging time we at The Vanilla Company greatly appreciate your support. In addition to continuing to promote the use of pure vanilla, I continue to speak locally, nationally and internationally in a serious attempt to save pure vanilla from extinction. When the prices collapse, the cycle starts over again. At some point so many manufacturers will have shifted to imitations that the industry will die. I have committed to continue to fight for the survival of pure vanilla. It is my hope that you too will feel passionately enough about natural tropical products to support them through wise purchases.

Thank you for caring!

You Can Buy Pure Vanilla Right Here

Help keep our farmers in business and get the best tasting vanilla available at the same time!


Here at the Vanilla Company, our mission is to provide our customers with premium-quality vanilla extracts and  excellent customer service. Our vanilla extracts contain vanilla beans with a high vanillin content.  They are made with 20% more vanilla beans than required by law. This gives our extracts an excellent depth of  flavor that is so strikingly noticeable that it is not uncommon for us to get reviews like the one below.

I opened the bottle of your vanilla extract last weekend to bake some cookies and the difference in taste is extraordinary! – Judy Draper

We use sugar cane alcohol, vanilla bean extractives and distilled water.  Period! All of our vanilla products are gluten-free.

Are you ready for a taste sensation?

Then we invite you to try Rain’s Choice vanilla extracts.

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Patricia Rain
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Patricia Rain

is an author, educator, culinary historian, and owner of The Vanilla Company (, a socially conscious, product-driven information and education site dedicated to the promotion of pure, natural vanilla, and the support of vanilla farmers worldwide. She also does culinary presentations for food professionals, cooking schools, trade shows, food fairs, and private groups, and is a regular radio and TV guest.
Patricia Rain
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Comments (11)

  • Mark


    Thanks for the thought provoking article. Put me on your email list


  • Donna Vandenbosch-flynn


    Is McCormack vanilla manufactured in Mexico?


    • Patricia Rain


      No, McCormick and Company, Inc. has its headquarters in Maryland and makes their extracts there. In fact, there are only a couple of extract makers in Mexico and their companies are quite small. 99.9% pf the so-called vanilla extract coming out of Mexico is actually imitation no matter what the labels say.


      • Albert Andrus


        I do believe you are right about that. I recently tried the Danncy Mexican vanilla but was almost immediately put off by it’s lack of a real vanilla taste. Their label says “vanilla bean extractives in water and natural flavors”. What these other flavors are is mysterious. The aroma and taste are quite potent, but it seems more coconutty to me plus the aroma reminds me of marine supply store. If it’s vanilla flavor you want, why are “other flavors” even part of the mix? I have heard from several people that the Danncy product they actually purchased in Mexico is quite different from what you get online even though it says “product of Mexico”. Like I said in a previous comment, Restaurant Depot’s Chef’s Quality imitation vanilla fills the bill for now, Seems kind of decent. $50 for a 32 ounce bottle of the pure vs $2 for the same quantity of imitation made the choice a no brainer. Until sanity is restored I will not be ripped off by these third world banditos.


        • Patricia Rain


          Albert, I completely understand and appreciate your position of not wanting to pay large sums of money for a product that isn’t critical for day-to-day use. The Danncy Mexican vanilla you refer to is actually imitation with additional additives, despite what it says on the label. The bigger issue is this: Of the three most popular “luxury crops” from the tropics — coffee, chocolate and vanilla — vanilla is the only one with viable imitations. This puts it in direct danger of being lost forever. Why? Because increasingly manufacturers and consumers turn to imitations when prices are high. When prices drop many manufacturers and some consumers don’t switch back to pure vanilla. This causes the prices to remain low enough that farmers eventually tear up their crops and grow something else or migrate to cities looking for work. When there is a major storm or a shortage, prices go back up again and the cycle repeats. However, there is another looming factor in all of this: the changing climate. All three of these iconic luxury crops are facing critical issues with the changing climate. IF vanilla is increasingly difficult to grow, and IF there isn’t a major demand for it, farmers will stop growing it. We will also see an even greater migration of farmers moving to big cities looking for work. When this occurs, we will lose pure vanilla forever or, at the least, it will be rare and veryexpensive. Now that can’t be too serious can it? Well, it depends on how you view the loss of iconic crops. We already are experiencing a loss of bio-diversity in our crops. We need look no further than the great potato blight in Ireland in the mid-1800s to see what happens when we lose bio-diversity. Only one variety of potato was grown in Ireland. When the crops failed, thousands of people starved and there was a mass-migration to the cities, primarily to the US, where people were desperate for work. What is easy to lose is our perspective of an exceptionally diverse variety of foods that exist on our planet but also how many are being lost that we never hear about unless a crisis occurs. There were thousands of apple varieties in the early 20th century. We now have less than a hundred varieties, many of which may look lovely and last well, but the flavor is insipid. So yes, it is very easy to pick up cheap imitation vanilla products that more-or-less taste like vanilla, but it undercuts the growers who make pennies on the dollar growing the products the majority of the time. Put once a commodity becomes extinct, just like the many animal species we are currently losing because of loss of habitat, poaching and climate change, that’s it — it’s gone forever. My personal decision is to do what I can to promote bio-diversity, and the protection of crops that have real value as a medicinal as well as bring a far greater bouquet of flavors than the imitations, while also supporting tens of thousands of growers in regions in the developing world where unemployment is high and standards of living are poor. It’s a complicated conversation, one that I believe is important.


  • Annette Neuffer


    Thank you so much Patricia for the excellent article! I also expect the prices to crash but who knows when. It would be much better to have a minimum price so the growers get a decent share for their work instead of the speculators.


    • Patricia Rain


      There used to be a base set price for growers in Madagascar. As Madagascar was considered the “bellweather” of vanilla and pricing, other countries copied whatever they did. However, pricing was deregulated in the 1990s. I truly think it’s a wise idea as we know that the growers at least can count on a minimum wage. I don’t know if it would work to bring this concept back or not, but I’m talking to industry people about it. Thanks for your comments!


  • Helenna


    Great article.! Please could you tell me if you have ever tried Tahitian vanilla, and if so, what you think of it? Thank you.


    • Patricia Rain


      I am one of the people who helped make Tahitian vanilla popular in the US. It’s a different species from the most used Planifolia vanilla. It’s a combination of planifolia and odorata and is very fruity and floral. It is especially good in cream desserts, fruit desserts and seafood dishes. You can learn more about it on my site in the “Learn” section under “Learn About Vanilla.” I have sold Tahitian vanilla beans and extract since 1986.


  • Shelagh


    There is nothing quite like vanilla ice cream made with real vanilla (pod or extract). Simply the best! So this issue about the current vanilla crisis is important to many people – not just the business sector but consumers and those who love to make ice cream as a hobby. Thank you for your article – it is written with insight and passion and one of the best I have read.


  • Albert Andrus


    Seriously, the imitation stuff really isn’t that bad. Much better than I expected. Yesterday at Restaurant Depot a 32 ounce bottle of their pure vanilla was selling for $50 while the same size of the imitation stuff was $2. Several months ago I tried Danncy pure Mexican vanilla. Very potent flavor and aroma…………. if you’re a fan of formaldehyde. I love the pure stuff, don’t get me wrong and eventually I may get back into using it but for now I am not going to be ripped off by these third world banditos.


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Why do our customers love Rain's Choice vanilla?

  • You get MORE FLAVOR because we use 20% more beans in our extracts than is required by law!
  • 99% of all vanilla products are imitation. Ours are 100% PURE!
  • We carefully choose all products to assure best QUALITY & FLAVOR!
  • Our farmers are paid a FAIR PRICE.
  • Our vanilla beans are SUSTAINABLY grown.
  • Everything we sell is ORGANICALLY grown.
  • Your purchase here supports our HUMANITARIAN efforts.

Thank you for supporting The Vanilla Company and our farmers! BUY HERE now.

For an update on the 2016 vanilla shortage, please see "Why is Vanilla so Expensive?"

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